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California woman accused of having sex with 3 high schoolers

A California woman is accused of sexually exploiting three high school football players, with one official calling the alleged encounters "shocking to the senses."

The Siskiyou County Sheriff's Office on Tuesday arrested Mary Frances Fletcher, 42, charging her with unlawful sexual intercourse and knowingly dissuading a witness or victim of a crime. She has since posted $10,000 bail.

Siskiyou County Sheriff Jon Lopey told People the encounters began last summer when Fletcher, a dental assistant, assisted a with a photo session for the Mt. Shasta High School football team.

"There were communications going back and forth, and unfortunately it culminated in inappropriate sexual activities," Lopey said. "Each boy had at least one sexual encounter of an intimate nature."

The sheriff said photos of a sexual nature and texts were shared between the boys and Fletcher, and they began to circulate to other students. After "several weeks," a school official became aware of the situation and informed the police. No school employees were involved in the alleged encounters, according to the sheriff's office.

A friend of Fletcher's told People the reports of the situation have been "one-sided," but the allegations have shaken the rural community near the California-Oregon border.

"These kinds of offenses are shocking to the senses, and in the small communities they are very traumatic and difficult for everyone to understand and accept," Lopey said.

"Our department looked at this as a very serious offense, and we don’t draw any distinction whether they are male or female. For law enforcement, it is incomprehensible these things go on. They are relatively rare in our county, but they do happen. It is a tragedy for everyone involved."


The header photo was taken in a Californian sex doll factory.


Clinical trial of Butea superba, an alternative herbal treatment for erectile dysfunction

Aim: To study the effect of Butea superba on erectile dysfunction (ED) in Thai males. Methods: A 3-month randomized double-blind clinical trial was carried out in volunteers with ED, aged 30 years ~ 70 years, to evaluate the therapeutic effect of the crude preparation of Butea superba tubers on ED. Results: There was a significant upgrading in 4 of the 5 descriptive evaluations of the IIEF-5 questionnaire. Estimation of the sexual record indicated that 82.4 % of the patients exhibited noticeable improvement. Haematology and blood chemistry analysis revealed no apparent change. Conclusion: The plant preparation appears to improve the erectile function in ED patients without apparent toxicity.

1 Introduction

White Kwao Krua (Pueraria mirifica) is a Thai phytoestrogen-rich plant that has been used for a long time as a herbal medicine and its chemical contents [1, 2], reproductive physiology [3, 4] and clinical application [5] have been well studied. The related plant, Red Kwao Krua (Butea superba), is abundantly distributed in the Thai deciduous forest and has been popular among Thai males for the purpose of rejuvenation and increasing sexual vigor [6]. The tuberous roots of Thai B. superba were found to contain flavonoid and flavonoid glycoside with cAMP phosphodiesterase inhibitor activity as well as sterol compounds, including b-sitosterol, campesterol and stigmasterol [7]. However, the Indian B. superba stem contains flavone glycoside [8] and flavonol glycoside [9] with no reports on its use for male sexual purposes. It was demonstrated that coumarins from Cnidium monnieri exhibited a vasodilation effect on animal corpus cavernosum [10], which opened the possibility to develop this plant into a product for the treatment of erectile dysfunction (ED). B. superba might exhibit a similar effect as it contains a high cAMP phosphodiesterase inhibitor activity, which was directly related to corpus cavernosal vasodilation.

ED is physically and psychologically a key sexual problem in andropause. A Thai traditional medicine with B. superba as a major ingredient has long been accepted as an effective treatment of ED. We therefore carried out a randomized, double blind clinical trial in Thai males with the crude preparation of B. superba to evaluate its effect on ED treatment.

2 Materials and methods

2.1 Crude plant preparation

Fresh tubers of B. superba were collected from Lampang Province, cleaned, sliced into pieces, completely dried in a hot air oven, ground into fine powder, passed through 100 mesh sieves and finally filled into capsules with the net filling amount of 250 mg/capsule. Tapioca starch of the same weight was filled into the same type of capsule that served as the placebo.

2.2 Volunteers and treatment

Thirty-nine non-alcoholic Thai males, aged 30~70 years, having a fixed sexual partner and a history of ED for at least 6 months were recruited. They were divided into a treated (n=25) and a placebo group (n=14) at random and took no other ED treatment during the trial. The volunteers had a completed blood cell count and a blood chemistry analysis before and after the trial, including haemoglobin, haematocrit, white blood cells, blood urea nitrogen, creatinine phosphate, calcium, SGOT, SGPT, cholesterol, sugar and blood testosterone levels. They were verbally informed about the details of the drug and the study, including the consumption of 2 capsules per day of either the drug or the placebo at a double-blind manner during the first 4 days and 4 capsules per day afterwards for a total of 3 months. Written informed consent was obtained. The volunteers had interview appointments every 2 weeks to fill out the IIEF-5 questionnaire and received the next batch of capsules.

2.3 Statistical analysis

The results were expressed as meanSD. Pair t-test was used for analysis of the test results and P<0.05 was considered significant.

3 Results

3.1 Volunteers

Seventeen volunteers in the treated group completed the 3-month trial period. Eight volunteers dropped out between week 2 and 4. Nobody in the placebo group returned to fill out the IIEF-5 questionnaire and receive the second batch placebo capsules since the beginning of week 3.

The background data of the 17 volunteers completed the course were shown in Table 1. It can be seen that most of them were 40 years ~ 69 years of age and 7 were complicated with other systemic diseases.

3.2 Haematology, blood chemistry and testosterone

In the 17 volunteers, there were no significant change between the pre- and post-trial data of all analyzed parameters (Table 2 & Table 3).

Favourable responses were obtained with the IIEF-5 questionnaire and the sexual function record. There was a significant upgrading <0.05, P<0.01) in 4 of the 5 descriptive evaluations of the IIEF-5 questionnaire (Table 4). The sexual record showed that 14 (82.4 %) patients showed fair to excellent improvement (Table 5).

There were 3 volunteers with diabetes mellitus, 2 with hypertension, 1 with heart disease and 1 with hyperthyroidism (Table 1). They were among the volunteers with ED improvements.

4 Discussion

Eight tested volunteers dropped out between 2~4 weeks of the trial. This was mainly due to travel inconvenience as their residence area was far from Bangkok where the trial was conducted. The complete loss (100 %) of the placebo volunteers should be the consequence of total uselessness of the tapioca starch and may imply that there is no psychological effect that could possibly created by the use of the placebo. This then further implies that the patient response to the B. superba capsule should be derived from its pharmacological rather than psychological influence. The trial results were far different from those with sildenafil, which could elicit a high percentage of positive psychological response [11].

Haematology and blood chemistry analyses showed no significant change. It meant that all relevant functions were not disturbed by 3 months consumption of 1000 mg/day B. superba.

The IIEF-5 questionnaire and sexual record indicated a significant improvement in ED patients taking the drug. The authors believe that B. superba may act primarily by increasing the relaxation capacity of the corpus cavernosum smooth muscles via cAMP phosphodiesterase inhibition [7] and may also affect the brain, triggering the improvement of the emotional sexual response. It is interesting to note that patients with additional health problems, such as diabetes mellitus, hyper-tension, heart disease and hyperthyroidism, responded satisfactorily to B. superba.

An interesting aspect is the study of B. superba as a phytoandrogen food supplement for reproductive health in normal males. The plant, with a similar action to Cnidium monnieri [10], could be prepared as capsules, tablets or beverages for the treatment of ED in the peri-andropausal males and in the males as a whole. The paper is another trial on the application of plant products to promote the reproductive health in the males [12-17].


Qualia, emotionally tagged memory

What is the correlation between physical processes and our conscious perception of feeling and emotions. Physical processes are the actions of neurons, for example when we feel pain. An experience why pain feels like pain has been named qualia. The experience of pain isn’t sufficiently explained by the actions of neurons.

The concept of consciousness is closely related to the concept of our self.

There so far is no verifiable or falsifiable model of how physical processes are responsible for qualia, and this has lead to many strange theories.

But here now a logic concept that accounts for qualia from a purely materialistic perspective.

I assume qualia are, and consciousness in general is, a coupling of emotionally tagged information and memory.

Emotions can be physically explained. They are states of neurons and neurotransmitters causing physical responses, from increased heart rate to penile swelling. If we construct a thought experiment of a human body with all physical functions that accompany emotions but zero memory capacity, emotions could be classified as being reflexes only. There would be no qualia, no experience.

For qualia to exist, there has to be at least short-term memory. The more long-term memory is, the more explicit the qualia.

You can even conduct a self-experiment on this hypothesis. Handle your own cooking utensils in a careless manner in dim light. If you burn your hand on a frying pan, the first thing that happens is a non-conscious reflex of withdrawing your hand. It takes some fractions of a second for you to realize that you experience and experienced pain. This happens because neurons at the location where you burned yourself still fire, even after you withdrew your hand in a reflex. Now for the conscious experience of pain, or any qualia, it is necessary that the physical processes are coupled with information, even just the fact that you withdrew your hand, and stored into brain memory. The sequence of stored instances may be very high, even thousands per second. The recall of stored sequences of emotional states associated with any kind of an informational frame result in consciousness, or awareness, even self awareness.

This is not mysthicism. This can be tested by scientific methods.

Stored information (something seen, heard, etc) alone is no qualia. Computers store such information.

Processed information is no qualia. Chess playing computers process information better than humans.

Withdrawal reflexes are no proof of pain. Mimosas also exhibit such reflexes.

Pain only exists when neurons fire, see local anesthesia. Even when neurons fire, there has to be a neurotransmitter bridge to the thalamus to evoke the biochemistry of emotions, from heart rate to endorphin-induced euphoria.

Cortical storage of information is necessary for qualia. Drugs that interfere solely with memory functions can be used as effective anesthetics, even though the thalamus functions to produce neurochemical signals of emotions.

Without remembering, no qualia. A psychological trauma requires memory, even if the memory is subtle and not available for immediate recall.

Not all information stored in our brains is always readily available, but often can be recalled with a little effort. You may have learned a second or third or fourth language a decade or more ago, and then forgot much of it, or rather transferred the knowledge to passive memory, because you never used it. But then, if the occasion arises, the language returns to active memory much faster than it was in active memory when you first learned it.

You can’t do that with a word you heard under narcosis.

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